Together with athletics, swimming is the programme with the largest number of participants. The level of competition and the number of participants has increased from one edition to another, growing at the same pace with one of the most played sports in the world.
The level of competition in the Universiade swimming programmeme has always been very high. Indeed, in the first two editions held in Turin and Sofia, 24 world records were beaten, while in the 1981 Bucharest edition, 26 Universiade records, in 29 scheduled competitions, were beaten. In Taipei the athletes of United States were the most awarded ones with 28 podiums (11 gold medals).